How to Get Rid of Swollen Gums?
Your gums are a critical component and one that is often taken for granted when it comes to your oral health. The most common cause for swollen gums is periodontal disease, or gum disease. According to the CDC, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, over half of Americans over the age of thirty have gum disease. The initial stages of gum disease are not painful, so it very often goes undetected. If left untreated it can lead to serious problems such as tooth loss. You can also suffer from swollen gums through a pregnancy. The rush of hormones increases blood flow resulting in swollen gums. Malnutrition can result in swollen gums with a deficiency in certain vitamins. Finally, infections can also cause swollen gums. Dental decay, like an abscess, can create localized gum swelling.
Proper Professional Treatment for Swollen Gums
If you notice symptoms of swollen gums for two weeks you need to schedule an appointment with your dentist. These symptoms might include:
- Swollen or puffy gums.
- Gums that feel tender when touched.
- Bright red, dusky red or purplish gums.
- Gums that bleed easily.
- Pink-tinged toothbrush after brushing.
- Spitting out blood when brushing or flossing your teeth.
- Bad breath or a bad taste.
- Gums that have pulled away from your teeth.
- Any changes in your bite alignment.
Your dentist will conduct a full examination with might include x-rays and measuring the pockets between your gums and your teeth. If gum disease is evident, they will proceed with a teeth-scaling and root planning treatment. This straightforward process removes that bacteria-carrying plaque and tartar that has built up on your teeth, which is the source of the infection for your gums. With the plaque removed the gums can immediately heal naturally. Your dentist may prescribe an antibiotic as well to improve the healing process.
At Home Treatment for Swollen Gums
If your swelling is from a pregnancy, there are some things you can do at home to manage your irritated gums.
- Soothe your gums by brushing and flossing gently, so you do not irritate them.
- Rinse your mouth with a saltwater solution to remove the bacteria in your mouth.
- Drink plenty of water. Water will help stimulate the production of saliva, which will weaken disease-causing bacteria in the mouth.
- Avoid irritants, including strong mouthwashes, alcohol, and tobacco.
- Place a warm compress over your face to lessen any gum discomfort. A cold compress can help decrease swelling.
Good Oral Hygiene at Home can Prevent Swollen Gums
There are some preventive measures you can take to avoid swollen gums, including maintaining proper oral care and eating healthy foods. Brush your teeth and gums twice a day exercising patience and good technique. Floss at least once a day to remove food particles. It is just as important to compliment your efforts with a visit to your dentist at least once every six months for a professional cleaning. If you have dry mouth, it might increase your risk of plaque and tartar buildup. Talk to your dentist about mouthwashes and toothpastes that can help you with your condition.